Throat cancer is a general term that usually refers to cancer of the pharynx i.e area that connects your throat area with esophagus and/or larynx i.e. the area which has the vocal cords. Regions included when considering throat cancer include the nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, glottis, supraglottis and subglottis. About half of throat cancers develop in the larynx and the other half in the pharynx. Consequently, any cancers that develop in these regions of the throat are considered as throat cancer. The good thing about the throat cancers is that they are treatable if detected early and the bad part is that delay in treatment of throat cancer may lead to voice loss. In most cases if detected early surgery is the main line of treatment for throat cancer in India.
Although it is not clear exactly what causes throat cancers, the cancerous cells develop when genetic mutations allow the cells to grow uncontrollably to form tumors (masses of cancer cells) that may metastasize (spread) to other areas in the body. Some of the factors that can lead to throat cancer include cigarette smoking, infections with the human papillomavirus (HPV), and exposure to toxic substances like asbestos or large quantities of alcohol.
Types of Throat Cancer
Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Symptoms of Throat Cancer
Voice change or hoarseness of the voice
Chronic sore throat
Difficulty in swallowing food
A mass or lump in neck
> SuddenWeight Loss
Difficulty in breathing
Pain in Ear
Diagnosis of Throat Cancer
Although imaging tests such as CT, MRI, PET scan, and others like chest X-rays and barium swallows provide very useful information about extent and location of the cancer, the definitive diagnosis of throat cancer is made by biopsy of the tumor.
Cancer staging is done either through PET CT or biopsy. Biopsy gives the staging in TNM format.
T Stands for tumor (how far it has spread within the larynx or pharynx and to nearby tissues).
N describes whether the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes
M stands for metastasis (spread of the cancer) to distant organs.
Treatment of Throat Cancer
The treatment for throat cancer depends upon the extent and seriousness of the disease. Treatment strives to preserve the patient's ability to eat, speak, and live a normal healthy life. Treatment plans for throat cancers usually include one or more of the following techniques: surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, proton therapy, targeted therapies.
Surgery - There are many types of surgeries for throat cancer, including minimally invasive, transoral laser microsurgery, endoscopic, laser, robotic, and tumor excision surgery, like supracricoid partial laryngectomy to allow more normal function in swallowing and speech without a stoma (a surgical opening in the neck that allows breathing).
Chemotherapy - These are drugs used to shrink tumors and/or kill cancer cells after or before surgery and/or radiation treatment. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other therapies.
Radiation Therapy- Brachytherapy involves placement of radioactive beads close to a tumor. 3-D radiation beam therapy and intensity-modulated radiotherapy may be tailored to the specific shape of the tumor.
A Cancer Surgeon or a ENT Surgeon trained in head and neck cancer surgeries would be the main doctor in case surgery is resquired. At times in throat cancer cases the voice box of the patient has to be removed which may need Plastic Surgeon to perform the reconstruction surgery. The surgery may proceed or preceed radiation therapy which has very good outcomes in case of throat cancer cases. If the surgery is required then the cost would be approximately INR 60000 to INR 80000 depending upon the extent of the surgery.
Cashless facility is available for the insurance card holders. Brightstar hospital in Moradabad has the option of Deluxe, Single, Twin Sharing and General Ward for the patients. Patients can choose the room category as per their eligibility in cases of health insurance. Cash paying patients can choose the room category as per their budget. Surgery cost is higher in a single room bed category as compared to a general ward. Brightstar hospital has central airconditioning and all bed categories are with AC. Hygienic and healthy food is provided to the patient from the hospital kitchen. For all planned admissions, 90 percent of the estimated expenses of treatment are to be deposited at the time of admission.
Brightstar Hospital which commenced operations in the year 2020 is the largest hospital in the city of Moradabad. With 300 beds capacity the hospital has changed the Medical Landscape of Western Uttar Pradesh and made Moradabad as the Medical Hub of the region. The Hospital is promoted by a group of entrepreneurs including some of the best medical professionals of the city. The Hospital offers superspecialty services in the fields of Neurosurgery & Neurology, Critical Care, Urology, Gastroenterology, Cancer Surgery, Cardiology & Cardiothoracic Surgery, Pulmonology, Nephrology, Urology, Plastic Surgery, Endocrinology and Interventional Radiology. The hospital also offers specialty services in the fields of Obstetrics and Gynaecology including IVF, General & Laparoscopic Surgery, Orthopaedics, ENT, Ophthalmology, Paediatrics, Internal Medicine, Dermatology, Psychiatry, Radiology, Pathology, Dental Surgery, Physiotherapy and Rehab.
Brightstar Hospital has brought the latest, cutting edge, state of art medical technology to the city of Moradabad. The hospital is equipped with the Latest MRI, CT Scan, Cath Lab, Ultrasound, Colour Doppler, Digital X-Ray, 2D Echocardiography, PFT, Mammography and Bone Densitometry to give the diagnostic accuracy to our medical team. The 50 bedded intensive care unit is equipped with the latest multipara monitors, centralized oxygen supply and life saving ventilators. Our Modular Operation Theatres are equipped with C-Arm, Operating Microscopes, Fully Automatic Anaesthesia Workstations and Hepa Filters to carry out the most complex of the surgeries with great accuracy and surgical precision. The entire hospital is connected through a centralized Hospital Information System and PAX Solutions to make us a fully Digital Hospital. All our Diagnostic Machines are fully digital and we discourage the use of X-Ray Films keeping the environmental concerns in mind.
We have gathered some of the finest medical minds at Brightstar Hospital to match our infrastructure. Our team of doctors are highly qualified and carry with them rich experience of treating the most complex of the medical problems. The multidisciplinary team of doctors ensure that every case is discussed and comprehensive treatment is provided to our patients. Our OPD's provide consultation services with Specialist and Superspecialist doctors. The Operating Rooms have the services of some of the best surgical hands assisted by a team of anaesthetists. The Intensive Care Units are manned by Critical Care Specialists and Anaesthetists. Our team of doctors are assisted by highly trained paramedics in the diagnostic field. Our Nursing Team efficiently carries out the doctor's instructions and provide compassionate care which speeds up the healing process. The Physiotherapy Team makes sure that your recovery is quick and complete.
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