Colonoscopy is an outpatient procedure in which the inside of the large intestine (colon and rectum) is examined. A colonoscopy is commonly used to evaluate gastrointestinal symptoms, such as rectal and intestinal bleeding, abdominal pain, or changes in bowel habits.
To have a successful colonoscopy, your bowel must be empty so that your doctor can clearly view the colon. To do this, it is very important to read and follow all of the instructions given to you before the test. If your bowel is not empty, your colonoscopy will not be successful and may have to be repeated. A “split preparation” is easier to drink and is more effective. In this method, you drink half of the mixture that cleans your colon the day before your procedure and the other half on the same day as the colonoscopy.
Colonoscopies are also performed in individuals without symptoms to check for colorectal polyps or cancer. A screening colonoscopy is recommended for anyone without risk factors for colorectal cancer starting at 50 years of age. The timing of your colonoscopies varies depending on the findings of your test. You may need to have a colonoscopy at a younger age if you have an increased risk of colon cancer. These risk factors can include:
- Having familial polyposis syndrome (a condition that runs in your family and is linked to an increased risk of forming polyps).
- Having inflammatory bowel disease
- Having first degree relatives with colon cancer.
The gastroenterologists at our hospital have long experience of performing endoscopies and colonoscopies. The colonoscopy procedure is performed under local anaesthesia on OPD basis. The cost of colonoscopy at our hospital is Rs. 8000/-. If biopsy is taken during the procedure then the cost of doing biopsy is extra which is in the range of Rs. 750 - 1250. The incidence of Colon Cancer in India is not as high as it is in United States. Still people above the age of 50 years should get atleast one colonoscopy done. In colonoscopy a thin tube is inserted into the anus and slowly pushed forward. The tube contains LED Light Source and a High Definition Camera. The camera sends HD images of the inside of the Rectum and the Colon which are seen on a monitor by the Gastroenterologist. If there is any mass growth on the inside walls of the rectum, the gastroenterologist picks up material for doing biopsy. These polyps can turn out to be malignant.
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